CCWRAP Program Elements

Program Elements

Funded by CALFED’s watershed program and the Proposition 13 bond measure, CCWRAP enables a comprehensive assessment of Codornices Creek’s fish habitat, and the development and initial implementation of a plan to restore the stream to health with an emphasis on salmonids. The plan, completed in 2004, identified potential barriers to fish migration and chronic erosion sites; assessed existing available habitat, and analyzed physiochemical water quality parameters. It offered restoration recommendations to restore and enhance fish and wildlife habitat throughout the entire creek corridor and create a well-defined and sustainable Codornices Creek monitoring program.

Based on the results of the CCWRAP study, UCC collaborated with hydraulic engineers, fishery biologists, city officials, regulatory agencies, and residents to develop habitat restoration and barrier remediation designs. (View hydraulic analysis and conceptual designsView hydraulic analysis and conceptual designs) Due to flooding concerns migration improvement efforts were focused on Albina Avenue. This site was identified as the limiting barrier for fish migration and a chronic erosion site degrading downstream habitat on Codornices Creek.

UCC also works with homeowners along Codornices Creek to improve habitat and create “fish-friendly backyards”. If you are an interested homeowner please contact us.

The program builds on the history of successful past restoration efforts along the lower reaches of Codornices Creek, including natural channel design, daylighting, bank stabilization, native plant revegetation, and the creation and enhancement of creekside trails.

CCWRAP is funded through Spring 2008 to implement portions of the 2004 CCWRAP report. Key program elements include:

fish population monitoring (electrofishing surveys, spawning surveys, and outmigrant trapping)
baseline water quality assessments;
outreach workshops for creek landowners and community members;
detailed stream survey mapping of the creek corridor;
bank stabilization designs for erosion sites identified in the 2004 CCWRAP;
barrier remediation designs for selected potential barriers identified in the 2004 CCWRAP;
implementation of priority restoration projects.

Environmental Model for the Future>>

return to CCWRAP home

This website has been developed for the project, and can be accessed through the Urban Creeks Council’s homepage (

Rheem Creek

Restoration and Watershed Education Project, 2008-09









Rheem Creek Update!

Our Saturday, November 15 volunteer day had a fantastic turnout- nearly 40 enthusiastic volunteers showed up to plant more than 200 native plants.
Here are some photos from the day:

Good job everyone!!

The Rheem Creek Habitat Restoration and Watershed Education project is the culmination of years of engagement with the Rheem Creek watershed and its residents. Together with the Natural Heritage Institute, UCC helped facilitate the Rheem Creek Vision Plan, a community visioning and watershed assessment project that helped prioritize projects in the watershed.

Funded by the State Coastal Conservancy, Nature Restoration Trust and Rose Foundation, among others, the project had two main components: the revegetation of 500 feet of stream channel on the Contra Costa College campus and a student intern program that employed student-interns in an environmental education program.

Construction occurred in October 2008. Civicorps crews removed 1/2 an acre of invasive ivy from the stream channel, installed erosion control blankets and straw wattles and spread native grass seed over the soil. Our first volunteer day was in early November, with students from Kennedy High School led by EarthTeam.

Thanks to our funders:
State Coastal Conservancy
Nature Restoration Trust
Rose Foundation for Communities and the Environment
East Bay Municipal Utility District
Contra Costa County Board of Supervisors and Fish & Wildlife Committee


Creek and watershed restoration not only improves the environment for wildlife such as birds and fish, but also gives people a chance to have meaningful contact with nature in the urban context, reminding us that we all benefit from the improvement and protection of our natural resources.


Wildcat Creek Restoration Action Plan (WRAP) | 2010
Rheem Creek at Contra Costa College | 2008
Codornices Creek Watershed Restoration Action Plan, Phase II | 2008
Codornices Creek Salmonid Restoration | 2008
Wildcat Creek at Rumrill Blvd | 2006
Wildcat Creek at Church Lane, San Pablo | 2005
Pinole Creek Watershed Vision Plan | 2004
Pinole Creek Watershed Vision Plan | 2004
Pinole Creek Watershed Vision Plan | 2004
Alhambra Creek at Martinez Adult Education | 2004
Peralta Creek at Cesar Chavez Park, Oakland | 2003
Wildcat Creek at Tilden Golf Course, Berkeley | 2003
Baxter Creek at Booker T. Anderson Park, Richmond | 2000
Wildcat Creek at 23rd Street, San Pablo | 2000
Lower Wildcat Creek, North Richmond | 2000
Village Creek, Albany | 1998
Upper Baxter Creek at Poinsett Park, El Cerrito | 1996
Blackberry Creek, Thousand Oaks School, Berkeley | 1998

Wildcat Creek at Rumrill Blvd., San Pablo, CA

In fall 2006, UCC implemented the first phase of a major restoration project on Wildcat Creek in the City of San Pablo. This 500 foot project included realigning the channel to increase sinuosity, re-establishing a functioning floodplain, and excavating excess sediment from the active channel. With assistance from the East Bay Conservation Corps and volunteer students from Richmond High School, UCC will continue to revegetate the site with native riparian plants.

This project is part of the Wildcat-San Pablo Creeks Watershed Restoration Action Plan and Priority Projects (WCSP-WRAPP), the main goal of which is to develop a community- and City-supported plan to reduce flood damages in the City of San Pablo while preserving the natural qualities of its creeks. Our team of East Bay water experts is completing its assessment of existing physical, hydrologic, and biological conditions along Wildcat Creek.

We are now exploring site-specific action alternatives for possible future implementation by the US Army Corps of Engineers. These potential alternatives—including culvert removals, floodwater detention, and in-stream channel modifications—will be presented to San Pablo residents in a series of community meetings. The Watershed Council and the City of San Pablo will make the final approvals regarding the contents of the Watershed Restoration Action Plan due in February 2007.

Alhambra Creek at Martinez Adult Education, Martinez. Urban Creeks Council worked with the Muir Heritage Land Trust, Martinez Unified School District, City of Martinez, Friends of Alhambra Creek, and the Alhambra Creek Watershed Planning Group to restore two sections of Alhambra creek at the Martinez Alternative Education Campus. The restoration, completed in fall 2004, reduced erosion by replacing failed gabions and bioengineering the banks, improved riparian habitat by the removal of invasive plants and replacement with native riparian plants, improved fish habitat for the population of steelhead/rainbow trout. A trail now provides public access to the creek, and riparian vegetation is establishing. The students at the school have created a creekside garden and a watershed based mural. They will continue to be involved with the monitoring of this project. This project was funded by the Department of Water Resources Urban Streams Restoration Program.
View this project’s final report!

Codornices Creek, Berkeley.

Codornices Creek Watershed Restoration Action Plan (CCWRAP), Berkeley.

This project seeks to improve habitat and migration for threatened steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Codornices Creek through watershed planning, in-the-ground projects, and community involvement.

The first phase of this project was conducted from 2001-2004 and developed a written Codornices Creek Watershed Restoration Action Plan (2004). Data collected on existing water quality and stream conditions was used to identify priority projects that would improve habitat and stream health. Conceptual designs developed for the identified priority projects were develped and modeled by FarWest Restoration Engineering to analyze potential hydraulic impacts. The results of this work are presented in a 2005 report.

Currently UCC is working on CCWRAP-Phase II. This phase works to implement recommendations of the 2004 CCWRAP Plan in order to improve habitat and migration for threatened steelhead/rainbow trout in Codornices Creek. Project components include implementation of identified priority restoration projects; monitoring of existing fish population, habitat, and water quality through electrofishing surveys, spawning surveys and outmigrant trapping; pebble counts, residual pool depth surveys, macrobenthic invertebrate surveys, and weekly water quality testing; and working with creekside property owners to create “fish-friendly” yards.

Step-pools and bank stabilization measures were designed for a 1000 foot stretch of Codornices Creek extending downstream from the Albina Avenue crossing. The design removes the current upstream fish passage barrier to allow salmonids of all life stages to migrate upstream for spawning, and improves spawning gravel throughout the reach by minimizing sedimentation from the largest erosion site identified in the watershed.

Implementation of the priority project at Albina Avenue is scheduled for Summer 2007.

Funded by CALFED Watershed Program and CA State Water Resources Control Board.
Click here to get the latest updates and learn more about this exciting project!

Updated! Monitoring report on fish population, fish habitat, and water quality data collected 2005-2006.

Codornices Creek Salmonid Restoration
This UCC project has three main components; 1) development of the Codornices Creek Watershed Council with a paid Coordinator to work with stakeholders, 2.) development of construction documents for restoration of Codornices Creek between 2nd Street and the Union Pacific Railroad; and,
3.) development of monitoring plan for Codornices Creek and Urban Fishery Restoration Manual for use in measuring the impact of restoration projects within the watershed.

This grant is funded by the San Francisco Bay Salmonid Habitat Restoration Fund and will be complete June 2007.

Peralta Creek at Cesar Chavez Park, Oakland.
In 2002, this section of creek was degraded and virtually forgotten. The intent of the design was to improve the natural function of the creek, attract wildlife, reintroduce native flora to the site, and create a more community-oriented space for the schoolchildren and residents that pass through the park every day.

The installation of the design in summer 2003 removed a faulty and dangerous bypass culvert, re-graded the banks, replaced an old bridge for a safer, crime-deterrent design, and removed extensive non-native vegetation such as Acacia and Eucalyptus trees. There is now a decomposed-granite path running next to the creek, willow trees growing along the toe of the banks, and native grasses and wildflowers blooming throughout. The native species that have been spotted since the project was installed include Pacific Chorus Frogs, white egrets, mallards, and raptors.

Volunteer stewardship continues at the site with supplemental native planting days and trash cleanup. This site is also featured in the City of Oakland’s Creek to Bay Day each September.

This project was funded by the Department of Water Resources.

Wildcat Creek at Church Lane, San Pablo.
Construction Phase, Summer 2006
In partnership with the City of San Pablo, UCC removed failed walls and non-native species from unstable and eroding banks. A cross-vane weir was constructed in the channel to redirect energy to the center of the channel instead of the banks, to reduce erosion and to provide pool habitat for fish and other fauna. The banks were stabilized with willow and cottonwood cuttings, native grasses and wildflowers, and brush layering and brush mattress soil bioengineering techniques. This project will not only reduce erosion, but also create important habitat for birds and the population of rainbow trout/steelhead in Wildcat Creek.

This project will also beautify downtown San Pablo, with benefits for local businesses and residents. The Senior Center on the left bank enjoys a new pathway planted with native plants and with new viewpoints to the creek with benches, and a mural is painted on the culvert wall upstream.

Completed Projects

Lower Codornices Creek, Berkeley. In 1994, approximately 500 feet of creek was daylighted and restored in conjunction with the development of an adjacent commercial building. Planted with native willows, dogwoods, and alders, the creek is maintained by a regular crew of volunteers. In 1997, UCC restored a contiguous stretch of creek just downstream. The banks were replanted and stabilized using soil-bioengineering techniques, and sinuosity was restored to the channel. (Funded by CA Department of Water Resources, Urban Stream Restoration Program.)

Pinole Creek Watershed Vision Plan and Lower Creek Restoration Plan, Pinole. With funding from the Coastal Conservancy, the Urban Creeks Council, Pinole Redevelopment Agency, Contra Costa Flood Control District, and Friends of Pinole Creek Watershed partnered to develop two plans. One is a broad-based vision for the entire watershed; the other is a restoration concept for the Pinole Creek flood control channel (from Interstate 80 to San Pablo Bay). The Vision Plan was developed through a consensus-based community process and included the participation of a diverse set of stakeholders throughout the watershed. The flood control channel restoration design will be submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers for potential implementation under the Section 1135 program, which allows the Corps to revisit and restore prior projects that have had detrimental resource impacts.

Baxter Creek

Baxter Creek at Booker T. Anderson, Jr. Park, Richmond. In 2000, a 900-lineal-foot reach of degraded stream flowing through a well-used city park was restored by regrading the channel and increasing its sinuosity. The banks were revegetated using native willow and cottonwood cuttings and close to 100 native trees and shrubs from container stock. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, under the supervision of UCC. (Funded by CA Department of Water Resources, Urban Stream Restoration Program; CA Coastal Conservancy; San Francisco Foundation)

Wildcat Creek at Tilden Park, supervised by Bhodi the dog. This photo shows the Tilden project performing in the winter storms of 2004.

Wildcat Creek at Tilden Golf Course, Berkeley. In fall-winter 2002, UCC collaborated on the restoration of a 700 foot stretch of Wildcat Creek at the Tilden Golf Course. UCC performed the duties of project coordinator, project management, and supervision for implementing the dam removal and channel redesign. The project’s restoration design was provided by the Waterways Restoration Institute, a sister nonprofit to UCC. Six failing concrete check dams were removed along the reach, and the banks were restabilized to a 2:1 slope. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, and partners included Tilden Golf Course and Park staff, the East Bay Regional Parks District, and the American Golf Corporation. Funding provided by the Department of Water Resources.

Wildcat Creek at 23rd Street, San Pablo. In 2000, a 350-lineal-foot section of degraded stream was restored, and failing concrete banks were stabilized using soil-bioengineering techniques (brush layering). Native riparian trees, willows, and cottonwood cuttings were planted, and a trail was graded along one bank. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, under the supervision of UCC. (Funded by CA Department of Water Resources, Urban Stream Restoration Program)

Lower Wildcat Creek, North Richmond. In 2000, this alternative flood-control channel was reconfigured by deepening the existing low-flow channel and restoring proper functioning to 5000 feet of stream. The banks were replanted with native willows and cottonwoods. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, under the supervision of UCC.

Village Creek, Albany. In 1998, approximately 900 lineal feet of creek was daylighted (removed from an underground pipe and brought above ground) and planted with native willow, cottonwood, dogwood, and ninebark cuttings as well as alders, big leaf maple, and other native trees and shrubs from container stock. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, under the supervision of UCC.

Upper Baxter Creek, Poinsett Park, El Cerrito. In 1996, a 250-lineal-foot reach of creek was daylighted as an alternative to an expensive storm drain repair project. Due to the site’s steep slopes, the creek was designed to have a “step/pool” structure. It was planted with native willow, dogwood, and currant cuttings, as well as alders, big leaf maples, and other native trees. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, under the supervision of UCC. (Funded by CA Department of Water Resources, Urban Stream Restoration Program)

Blackberry Creek, Berkeley. In 1995, a 250-foot reach of creek was daylighted at Thousand Oaks School, turning an asphalt lot into a well-used outdoor science classroom. The creek was planted with native willows, dogwod, alders, and wild rose. Labor was provided by the East Bay Conservation Corps, under the supervision of UCC. (Funded by CA Department of Water Resources, Urban Stream Restoration Program)